Copyright & Permissions
Fair use is a doctrine in U.S. copyright law that allows limited use of copyrighted material without permission from the rights holders. It provides for the legal, non-licensed citation or incorporation of copyrighted material in another author's work under a four-factor balancing test:
1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
2. The nature of the copyrighted work;
3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.
In practice, this means that short excerpts of longer pieces of content may be quoted without obtaining permission if they are properly cited to the original source.
SHRM does not endorse products or services so we prefer that our content and publications not be quoted in marketing or sales materials.
Requesting Permission to Reuse or Reprint
Permission to republish or make photocopies is generally available for the SHRM content listed below. Click the "Obtain reuse/copying permission” icon appearing on these online pages to launch an automatic RightsLink menu that will provide instant pricing information and licensing.
This service of the Copyright Clearance Center provides permission for reuse only. Once licensed, you may reproduce the content from the electronic or print source that is available to you for your reuse according to terms of your license.
As a benefit of SHRM membership, members receive a discount on permission to make photocopies. Subject to a $5 minimum, members' quotes will be discounted up to $45 for photocopying articles, and up to $60 for photocopying book excerpts.
For more information, please visit the SRM website.